The city commemerates the end of the war and Japanese rule in Singapore with Admiral Mountbatten, Supreme Allied Commander of the Southeast Asia Theatre, arrived in Singapore. Admiral Mountbatten (#Lord Louis Mountbatten#) later read the Japanese surrender address on the steps of the City Hall in front of the Padang. Lord Louis Mountbatten acted as the British High Command in Singapore from 12 September 1945 to 1 April 1946. Sir Shenton Thomas was the Governor of the Straits Settlements during the same period. Read more »
The British warships arrived at the Tanjong Pagar docks and troops of the 5th Indian Division took over Singapore. All over the town, there was cheering and rejoicing. The mood was tumultuous but jubilant.
The surrender of the Empire of Japan on September 2, 1945 brought the hostilities of World War II to a close. Earlier on August 6, 1945, the United States Army dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima and another atomic bomb was drop on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. The combined shock of these events caused Emperor Hirohito to intervene. Hirohito gave a recorded radio address to the nation on 15 August 1945 where he announced the surrender of Japan.
The Allied planes were flying low, dropping leaflets telling the people to wait for the arrival of the liberation forces. As the news spread and added to the general state of confusion and disorder, people in town started to go wild with many hunting down informers and collaborators, locals who had betrayed their own during the Occupation. In the bedlam, the various races also began fighting one another.
General Itagaki, commander-in-chief of the 7th Area Japanese Army, ordered all officers and civil officers to his headquarters in Raffles College. He warned them to remain passive and not cause trouble. And to prepare themselves for the coming of the British. They were ordered to build for themselves a concentration camp in Jurong. The Japanese community in Singapore had kept the news to themselves as they prepare to leave Singapore.
On 15 August 1945 at 12 noon, the Japanese Forces surrendered unconditionally to the Allies bringing an end to the East Asian front of World War II. In Singapore, Japanese troops laid down their arms. The surrender comes after the atom bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagaasaki on the 6th and the 8th of August, 1945. Read more »