Island-wide Air Raid Siren Sounded At Around Noon


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They are part of the events lined up to mark the 70th anniversary of the fall of Singapore to the Japanese on 15 February 1942. Singaporeans remembered and learned valuable lessons from the resilience and strength of spirit that their forefathers demonstrated during the Japanese Occupation. He said in the midst of this dark chapter in the country’s history, they endured tremendous hardship between 1942 and 1945. Many struggled to rebuild their dreams, homes, lives and adapted in the face of hardship and challenges. Read more »

The Civilian War Memorial


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The Civilian Memorial was officially unveiled by then Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew, who laid a wreath on behalf of the Government and the people of Singapore. Religious rites were conducted by officials of the Inter-Religious Organisation and a three-minute silence was observed in honour of the dead during the Japanese Occupation (from 15 Feb 1942 to 15 Aug 1945). Those present included the victims’ families, members of the diplomatic corps (including the Japanese Ambassador), religious chiefs and representatives from the four races. Costing an estimated $500,000 (Singapore Dollars), one of the characteristics of the Memorial is its height of 61 metres and its four columns. The columns represent the four races joined together at the base – signifying the unity of all races. Construction of the Memorial began in June 1966 and was completed in January 1967.

Japan Made To Pay $50 million In War Reparations


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The Government of Singapore made a request to Japan for reparations and an apology. On 25 October 1966, Japan agreed to pay $50 million in compensation, half of which as a grant and the other half as a loan. Japan did not make an official apology. Read more »

Japanese Military Officer Hanged


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The British authorities in Singapore held a war crimes trial for the perpetrators of the Sook Ching Massacre. Seven Japanese officers including Lieutenant-Colonel Masayuki Oishi were charged with the execution of the massacre. Oishi received the death penalty and was hanged.

Lim Bo Seng was given full Military Honours


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The Late Lim Bo Seng, the leader of the Force 136 Chinese Agents, was posthumously given full mililtary honours at a ceremony in front of City Hall, then call the Municipal Building, to commemorate his contribution to the anti-Japanese resistance.

Lord Mountbatten in Singapore


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The city commemerates the end of the war and Japanese rule in Singapore with Admiral Mountbatten, Supreme Allied Commander of the Southeast Asia Theatre, arrived in Singapore. Admiral Mountbatten (#Lord Louis Mountbatten#) later read the Japanese surrender address on the steps of the City Hall in front of the Padang. Lord Louis Mountbatten acted as the British High Command in Singapore from 12 September 1945 to 1 April 1946. Sir Shenton Thomas was the Governor of the Straits Settlements during the same period. Read more »

Japanese General Gathers His Soldier


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General Itagaki, commander-in-chief of the 7th Area Japanese Army, ordered all officers and civil officers to his headquarters in Raffles College. He warned them to remain passive and not cause trouble. And to prepare themselves for the coming of the British. They were ordered to build for themselves a concentration camp in Jurong. The Japanese community in Singapore had kept the news to themselves as they prepare to leave Singapore.

End of WW2 in Singapore


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On 15 August 1945 at 12 noon, the Japanese Forces surrendered unconditionally to the Allies bringing an end to the East Asian front of World War II. In Singapore, Japanese troops laid down their arms. The surrender comes after the atom bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagaasaki on the 6th and the 8th of August, 1945. Read more »

70 Chinese Men Shot at Changi Beach


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70 Chinese men, who were suspected to be anti-Japanese were shot at Changi Beach by the Japanese “Kempeitai” Soldier.

Japanese Operation Sook Ching


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Many Chinese were ordered to assemble at various centres for screening by the occupying Japanese Imperial Army in Operation Sook Ching – A massacre that claimed about 50,000 lives. Operation Sook Ching was a systematic extermination of perceived hostile elements. Read more »

British Surrendered Singapore to the Japanese


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The Japanese forces had landed in Singapore from the north and were able to push the British back to the outskirts of the city. A vile decision to surrender was made by British Commanders at Fort Canning. On 15 Feb 42, the British surrendered. It was Chinese New Year Day in Singapore and the start of phase of darkness for the next 3 years. It was the Japanese Imperial Soldiers instead of ushering the “Year of the Horse”. Read more »

Heavy Fighting in Bukit Timah


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A fierce battle took place between the invading Japanese Imperial Army and the Allied Soldiers at the hilly and forested area of Bukit Timah.

Tengah Airfield Fell into hands of the Japanese Invaders


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Tengah Airfield, also known as Tengah Air Base or Tengah Airbase, which was defended by the 44th Indian and 22nd Australian Brigades was bombed and fell into the hands of the invading Japanese Imperial Army.

Japanese Soldier began landings in the North of Singapore


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The Japanese start their assault into Singapore and began landings in the North of the Island. The British and Commonwealth forces had fought a long, hard and courageous but losing campaign in mainland Malaya.

Japanese Bombers Pounded Singapore


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Japanese Bombers begin drop bombs in populated area throughout the island. Massive damage was caused by a Japanese air assault. Many civilians were killed in these air raids.

Pulau Ubin Occupied


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Pulau Ubin was occupied by the invading Japanese Imperial Army. Pulau Ubin is an island located off the north-eastern coast of Singapore.

Causeway Blown Apart


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The British Soldiers blew a 64-metre wide gap in the Singapore-Malaysia Causeway in an attempt to keep the Japanese Soldiers from entering Singapore. After the last British and Commonwealth troops to leave Malaya, the order to blow up the Causeway was given and at 0815hrs. Singapore’s link with the Malay Peninsula was broken.

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